Alvie Simonette Q. Alip, Ricardo T. Bagarinao, Percia V. Secreto, and
Rhodora L. Pamulaklakin

This research paper is one of the articles included in the June 2020 edition of IJODEL. To read and/or download the other articles, visit this website:

Analyzing the Role of an Online System in Reducing Learner’s Transactional Time in an Open and Distance e-Learning (ODeL) Environment: A Landscape Connectivity Perspective


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